Khabarovsk Submarine – The revolution at Sea – fear of United States
Khabarovsk Submarine of Russia is equipped with Poseidon Unmanned aerial vehicles, can revolutionize the tactics of warfare at sea, learned citing gazeta.ru
Khabarovsk Submarine – “Acting in the spirit of the Cold War, the Russian Navy is quietly developing a completely new category of submarines, and their unique capabilities can affect the nature of the submarine war,” writes Forbes about the Russian submarine Khabarovsk.
And this, he continues, will be the main submarine of the 2020s, as it will go into service with the inventive and powerful opponent of the United States.
“Other Navy units are unlikely to be able to create something like this, but they will definitely want to oppose something to it. An underwater cat-and-mouse game in which American anti-submarine submarines will carefully track down Russians can flare up with renewed vigor. But this time, the targets will not be submarines with ballistic missiles. “Khabarovsk” will be armed with a giant self-propelled nuclear torpedo “Poseidon”, – Forbes notes.
Poseidon, also known as Status-6 and codenamed NATO Kanyon, is equipped with a nuclear power plant and nuclear warhead. This gives him a virtually unlimited range.
“Therefore, Poseidon will pose a serious danger to US coastal cities such as New York and Los Angeles. The Russian Ministry of Defence calls it a multi-purpose weapon and claims that this device can be used against aircraft carrier strike groups of the US Navy, ”Forbes emphasizes.
Russia managed to keep secret many of the characteristics of this submarine. Little is known about this large boat with a nuclear power plant, especially in comparison with Western models. Therefore, military analysts look forward to launching it with great impatience.
“Indeed, the Khabarovsk nuclear submarine, without any exaggeration, is the most closed project of the Russian Navy. There is very little reliable and detailed information about this submarine, ” Konstantin Makienko, deputy director of the Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies.
According to some reports, the submarine of project 09851 Khabarovsk is a completely new submarine that is being built on Sevmash from scratch, not from mothballing groundwork. According to other sources, during the construction of Khabarovsk some structural elements of the Borey-M strategic missile submarine cruiser (RPK SN) were used.
As the source said, the Khabarovsk nuclear submarine – the carrier of 2M39 Poseidon self-propelled submarines – will serve to test the combat use of this new type of weapon systems, as well as to gain experience in operating such carrier boats in the Russian Navy. For serial production and deployment in the fleets, an already adjusted draft of the submarine based on the Khabarovsk – 09853 is planned.
Most likely, the design of the submarine is classic – two-hull. “The front half of the hull will be occupied by six huge Poseidon torpedoes. This is where the uniqueness of the new submarine lies, ”writes Forbes.
The main power plant of the submarine is nuclear, probably with a water-cooled reactor with a capacity of up to 190 MW. Khabarovsk will be equipped with a water-jet propulsion system, which is installed on all new submarines of the Russian fleet. This decision indicates the desire of developers to reduce the noise of the submarine to the lowest possible level.
Presumably, the crew of the submarine will be about 100 people. Other characteristics of the ship are as follows: ship length – about 113 m; width – more than 12 m; the diameter of the hull is about 10 m. The underwater displacement of the submarine is about 10 thousand tons. The speed of the underwater course of Khabarovsk is up to 32 knots. Cruising range – unlimited. Working depth of immersion – no more than 500 m. Autonomy – 90-120 days.
As for the weapons of Khabarovsk, the submarine is equipped with six 2P39 launchers of 2M39 Poseidon self-propelled underwater vehicles. There is reason to believe that the submarine, for self-defense, is armed with a number of conventional torpedo tubes of 533 mm caliber. In addition, there is evidence that Khabarovsk will receive both Caliber-PL missiles and hypersonic Zircons, as well as the Package-PL complex installed on the Borey-M RPK SN. It allows the submarine to repulse the enemy torpedoes and escape unscathed.
Despite rumors that the launch of Khabarovsk should take place in the near future, an analysis of the shipbuilding enterprise where Khabarovsk is being built does not allow any specific conclusions to be drawn, American observers say.
“In order to roll the boat out of the workshop outside, it will be necessary to free the transport rails. Then it will be necessary to prepare floating devices on each side of the track. Each type of boat has its own layout of these devices, so this in itself will be useful information. Then the boat will be pulled out of the workshop with the winch stern forward, ”writes Forbes.
According to the publication, after that the entire pool will be filled with water so that the submarine can stay afloat. There will be certain problems with this, because there is undergoing a major modernization of the nuclear missile cruiser Admiral Nakhimov. His case is probably waterproof, but everything related to the work will have to be removed.
“None of this we see yet. In addition, a large red barge stands in the way of the most probable boat route. Judging by satellite imagery, this barge has been standing there unchanged since last July. The named date of launching Khabarovsk into the water may seem overly optimistic, but this cannot be ruled out. Time will tell, ”the article says.
“In fact, something like this happens, as Forbes described. The boat is displayed on the slipway train stern ahead, at a speed of about one mm per minute. The procedure for launching a submarine into a floating dock (pool) can take up to two days in some cases. After completing the withdrawal of the submarine, water is launched into the dock, then the submarine is checked for leaks. If there is a leak, the water is removed, the deficiencies are eliminated, then the water is released again, ”said Admiral Viktor Kravchenko, ex-chief of the General Staff of the Russian Navy, to Gazeta.ru .
On Sevmash there are several slipways for launching submarines in the water for completion afloat. “When it is planned to launch a boat (“ little ones ”in the vernacular vernacular) into the water, nothing can prevent this procedure by definition. So I strongly doubt that the cruiser Admiral Nakhimov could hinder the descent of Khabarovsk, the admiral explained.
In his opinion, the launching of any submarine is a procedure in which all the elements for many decades of building a nuclear submarine fleet are worked out to the smallest detail and automatism.
As Forbes clarifies, Khabarovsk is not the first Russian submarine equipped with Poseidons:
Russians have no less mysterious “special purpose” boat (in fact, a spy submarine) Belgorod, launched on April 23 last year. It will also be equipped with six Poseidon devices. But she will have a dual purpose. She will also be the carrier for the deep-sea mini-submarine Losharik. This combination (spy submarine and strategic weapon platform) seems a bit controversial.
There may be a delay in transferring Belgorod to the fleet, according to Forbes, because Losharik needs serious repairs. On July 1, 2019, a serious accident with the death of people occurred on the boat. Therefore, Khabarovsk could still overtake Belgorod and become the first carrier of Poseidons in the combat strength of the fleet, the Americans believe.
If Russia’s plans do not change, Khabarovsk will be the focus of Western anti-submarine warfare for the next decade. This boat will be of particular interest to the US and British Navy, whose nuclear submarines have long been following Russian submarine forces. Submarines equipped with Poseidons will create new problems for these hunter submarines, according to the American publication.
In particular, it will take time to create a new weapon capable of intercepting Poseidons. The speed and depth of immersion of this device makes it virtually invulnerable to the current generation of modern torpedoes. Perhaps to catch up with “Poseidon” will be able to American remotely controlled long-range torpedo Mk.48 ADCAP and the torpedo of the British Navy Spearfish. But the performance characteristics of the Russian apparatus reduce this probability.
“Thus, the West will need faster, deeper diving and longer-range torpedoes,” Forbes believes.
Perhaps this is precisely what the creators of Poseidon were counting on, they suggest in an American publication. To fight this torpedo, the West will need a lot of money. And here compromises are quite appropriate. Other priorities can be pushed to the background to give way to the development of means to counter Poseidon. But this will weaken work in other areas.
“Today, hardly anyone in the West has even heard of such a submarine. But you have to look after her, ”they conclude in an American publication.
Experts in operational-strategic planning and combat use of submarines believe that there can be no doubt whatsoever, the fact that the presence of a series of submarines of projects 09851/09853 in the Russian Navy will indeed lead to revision of many long-established installations for waging war on the seas and oceans.