Kamov Ka-52 Alligator Attack Helicopter Of Russia-Hokum-B
Kamov Ka-52 Alligator is the two seat variant of Ka-50 Attack Helicopter of Russia. It is the first operational helicopter with a rescue ejection system.
The Kamov Ka-52 Alligator (NATO reporting name Hokum-B) is a two-seat version of the Ka-50. It is a multi-role all-weather attack helicopter, capable operating in daytime and at night. Development started in 1994 and the type was first flown in 1997. The Kamov Ka-52 has been ordered for Russian service, and its small-scale series production commenced in 2008. However due to budget restrictions this helicopter is fielded in small numbers.
By 2012 only 30 helicopters were delivered. By 2017 the Russian military reportedly operated 90 of these helicopters. This attack helicopter is also proposed for export customers. In 2017 a naval version of this helicopter was exported to Egypt. Algeria reportedly ordered 12 of these helicopters. Deliveries are planned to begin in 2019.
The Kamov Ka-52 can be recognized from the Ka-50 by a wider nose and twin-seat cockpit. Seats are arranged side-by-side. This helicopter can be used as a trainer. Both pilots have full controls of the helicopter. Such arrangement also simplifies work during combat. The Ka-52 shares 85% of its airframe, parts, components and systems with the Ka-50. Most of the changes were made to the cockpit.
The Kamov Ka-52 Alligator is fitted with uprated TV3-117VMA turboshaft engines. The Hokum-B has unique maneuverability, which was derived from its two coaxial contra-rotating main rotors. It is among the most maneuverable helicopters in the world.
Armor of the Alligator withstands hits from 23 mm projectiles. Pilots are seated in ejection seats. It can also fly when one engine is disabled.
The Hokum-B has a battlefield management system. It can exchange data with with similar helicopters or other helicopter types, as well as third party sources. This helicopter is also intended as an aerial command post for a group of helicopters. It provides target detection and coordinates the attacks.
The Ka-52 retained all combat capabilities of its predecessor. It is armed with a side-mounted 30 mm cannon. There are six external hardpoints for different combinations of weapons, including anti-tank missiles (Vikhr, Vikhr-M), air-to-air missiles (Igla-V), pods with unguided rockets, bombs. For anti-armor missions it is armed with up to 12 Vikhr ATGMs. These have a range of up to 10 000 m and penetrate up to 1 000 mm of steel armor behind explosive reactive armor. So the Vikhr missiles are capable of defeating even the most protected main battle tanks.
Kamov Ka-52 Variants
Ka-52K Katran, a shipborne version. It was specially developed to operate from Mistral Class amphibious assault ships. A prototype was completed for trials and evaluation in 2014. It made its first flight in 2015. This helicopter has shorter stub-wings, system that folds the rotor blades. Also some modifications were made to adapt this helicopter for naval environment.
This helicopter can carry Kh-31 and Kh-35 anti-ship missiles. In 2014 the Russian MoD ordered 32 of these helicopters. First 12 helicopters were planned to be delivered in 2015. However due to Russia’s military actions in Ukraine the Mistral deal was cancelled and in 2015 two French-built Mistral class ships from the Russian contract were sold to Egypt instead. Eventually Egypt ordered 46 downgraded Ka-52K helicopters. In 2017 a first batch of 6 helicopters was delivered to Egypt.