Admiral Gorshkov Class Multi Role Frigate of Russian Navy – Project 22350 – Latest Class Will Help Ensure Safety in the Region
Admiral Gorshkov Class Frigates of program 22350 of Russia. Project 22350 class frigates were designed by the Severnoye Design Bureau and incorporates use of stealth technology.
The Admiral Gorshkov is a new Russian class of multi-role frigates. It is a successor to the Burevestnik class (Western reporting name Krivak class). The project was approved by the Russian Naval Command in 2003. Construction of the lead ship, Admiral Gorshkov, started in 2006. It was commissioned with the Russian Navy in 2018. By of 2018 another 3 frigates of the class were under construction, plus 2 more were ordered and 2 more were planned.
The Russian Navy has a requirement for 20-30 of such new frigates to fully replace the surviving Krivak class frigates and Sovremenny Class Destroyers. It is planned that Admiral Gorshkov class frigates will become the mainstay of the future Russian fleet. An export version of this frigate class is also being proposed for possible customers.
The Admiral Gorshkov class is a perfect example of multi-role frigate. Many other frigates are focused on specific tasks, such as anti-air warfare, or anti-submarine warfare. This Russian frigate was designed to perform multiple roles, such as perform long-range attacks against surface targets and ships, conduct anti-submarine warfare, carry out escort missions and be deployed in a variety of situations that a general frigate class would not be able to fulfill. In some cases such multi-role frigates can even substitute deployment of larger destroyers.
This new class of Russian frigates incorporate best weapons and sensors that the Russian industry can produce.
Arms in Admiral Gorshkov Class Frigates
The Admiral Gorshkov class is equipped with a 16-cell Vertical Launch System (VLS) for a mix of Kalibr-NK land attack cruise missiles (range 2 500 km), P-800 Oniks anti-ship missiles (range 300-500 km) and 91RTE2 anti-submarine missiles (missile drops torpedo 50 km away).
There is another 32-cell VLS for medium-range air defense missiles. It uses the same 9M96E and 9M96E2 interceptor missiles as the S-400 land-based air defense system. These missiles are intended to defend against precision attacks and various defense suppression weapons. These missiles are designed for direct impact have a range of 40 and 120 km respectively. Their claimed kill probability is 90% against aircraft and 70% against Harpoon anti-ship missile. It has been reported that this vertical launch system can also launch a short-range missile which is likely a variant of the 9M100.
Further anti-submarine/anti-shipping capabilities are provided via two quadrupple 330 mm torpedo launchers for unique Paket-NK torpedoes. These can engage both enemy submarines, as well as incoming torpedoes, thus serving a dual role.
There is a 130 mm A-192M gun. It has a rate of fire of 45 rounds per minute. It can be used to engage surface targets, as well as to bombard land. Last ditch defense is provided by two Palash Close-In Weapon Systems (CIWS), mounted at the rear. These defense systems are fitted with 30 mm rapid-firing Gatling guns and 8 short-range surface-to-air missiles each. Also there are two pedestal-mounted 14.5 mm heavy machine guns.
The Admiral Gorshkov class frigates have a hangar and can accommodate a single Kamov Ka-27, or similar naval helicopter.
The Admiral Gorshkov class has a Combined Diesel and Gas (CODAG) propulsion. Machinery includes two cruise diesel engines, developing a combined output of 10 400 shp and two boost gas turbines, developing a combined output of 55 000 shp. The power is delivered to 2 shafts. Maximum speed is 29.5 knots (55 km/h).
However construction of the third and forth ship was postponed due to problems with the engine supply. The first two ships of the Admiral Gorshkov class have Ukrainian gas turbines engines. A center of Soviet maritime gas turbine design and production was in Ukraine. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia used to purchase these engines from Ukraine. However following the 2014 Russian military aggression in Ukraine, the Ukrainians refused to supply Russia with military technology. In 2014 one gas turbine engine of the second ship, Admiral Kasatonov, was transferred to the lead ship, Admiral Gorshkov, in order to complete it.
The Russian NPO Saturn has been commissioned to design new engines for the Admiral Gorshkov class frigates, allowing third and forth ship to be commissioned from 2020.